Literacy Standards for History/Social Studies, Science, & Technical Subjects
Indiana's Common Core Standards for Literacy establish that instruction in reading, writing, speaking, listening and language is a shared responsibility. The Literacy Standards are predicated on content area teachers using their unique disciplinary expertise to help students meet the particular challenges of reading, writing, speaking, listening and language in their respective fields. It is important to note that the Literacy Standards are meant to complement rather than supplant content standards in the disciplines.
Part of the motivation behind the disciplinary approach to literacy is extensive research establishing the need for college and career-ready students to be proficient in reading complex informational text independently in a variety of content areas. Most of the required reading in college and workforce training programs is informational in structure and challenging in content. Postsecondary education programs typically provide students with both a higher volume of such reading than is generally required in K-12 schools and comparatively little scaffolding.
The Literacy Standards make clear that significant reading of informational texts should also take place outside English/language arts classrooms for students to be ready for college and careers. Future assessments will apply the sum of all the reading students do in a grade, not just their reading in English/language arts disciplines. The Literacy Standards demand that a great deal of reading occur in all disciplines.
The Literacy Standards also cultivate the development of three mutually reinforcing writing capacities: writing to persuade, to explain and to convey real or imagined experience. College and career-readiness requires writing to focus significantly on writing to argue and to inform or explain.