Indicators 9 & 10 - Disproportionate Representation

Posted: Fri, 03/02/2012 - 12:58pm Updated: Wed, 08/14/2013 - 1:44pm

Indicators 9 and 10 are Compliance Indicators.

Definitions

Indicator 9: Percent of districts with disproportionate representation of racial and ethnic groups in special education and related services that is the result of inappropriate identification. (20 U.S.C. 1416(a)(3)©)

Indiana defines disproportionate representation (or disproportionality) of racial and ethnic groups in special education and related services as a risk ratio greater than 2.0 or a risk ratio less than 0.5 in special education and related services for two consecutive years. Sample size (“N”) is set at a minimum of 30 students in a given population.

Indicator 10: Percent of districts with disproportionate representation of racial and ethnic groups in specific disability categories that is the result of inappropriate identification. (20 U.S.C. 1416(a)(3)(C))

Indiana defines disproportionate representation (or disproportionality) of racial and ethnic groups in specific disability categories as a risk ration greater than 2.0 or a risk ratio less than 0.5 in special education and related services for two consecutive years. Sample size (“N”) is set at a minimum of 30 students in a given population.

Measurements

Indicator 9: Percent = [(# of districts with disproportionate representation of racial and ethnic groups in special education and related services that is the result of inappropriate identification) ÷ (# of districts in the State)] x 100.

Indicator 10: Percent = [(# of districts with disproportionate representation of racial and ethnic groups in specific disability categories that is the result of inappropriate identification) ÷ (# of districts in the State)] x 100.

Monitoring Timelines

  • Data: Collected through the DOE-SE (Special Education) report December 1.
  • Verification: If necessary, the IDOE may verify data with the LEA in May.
  • Findings of Noncompliance: Issued in November
  • Corrective Action Plan: Due approximately 60 days after findings are issued

Information and Guidance

  • On September 15, 2011, Indiana received notification from the Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) that the definition and calculation methodology that was being utilized for Indicators 9 and 10 had potential racial/ethnic discriminatory practices and it was required that Indiana determine a new definition and calculation method. This delayed the issuance of Local Determinations for FFY 2009, and this was detailed in a Memo sent to LEAs in November 2011.
  • New Disproportionality Definitions: A side-by-side comparison of the old and new definitions for Indicators 4, 9, and 10.
  • When a finding is issued for Indicator 4A, 4B, 9, and/or 10, an LEA is required to complete a Self Assessment Survey and Corrective Action Plan.
  • DOE-SE Report layout and instructions: This is located on the Learning Connection in the "IDOE - Data Collection and Reporting" Community, under the "Files and Bookmarks" tab, in the "Special Education" folder.
  • Indicators 9 and 10 in the Compliance/Performance Monitoring Guide
  • Indicator 9 in the FFY 2010 APR (Part B Annual Performance Report): Details about Indiana's statewide results
  • Indicator 10 in the FFY 2010 APR (Part B Annual Performance Report): Details about Indiana's statewide results
  • How Indicators 9 and 10 affect Local Determination Scores: Description of points included in the calculation of an LEA's Local Determination based on results for Indicators 9 and 10.

Indiana Resource Network

The following Resource Centers provide assistance and information with areas that affect Indicators 9 and 10: