Creative Arts Foundation: 3 - Visual Arts

Topic: CA3.1 - Demonstrate creative expression through the visual art process

The visual art process is the experience of manipulating materials and interacting with art. Engaging in the visual art process provides children the opportunity to be critical thinkers and problem solvers. Art process allows for children to experience cause and effect using a wide variety of materials.

The ability to understand the visual art process leads to:
*Sense of space
*Understanding of cause and effect
*Fine motor control
*Sensory processing
*Understanding of shapes and colors and how they interact

Looking Ahead to Kindergarten Family Engagement Special Populations
In kindergarten, students will be able to identify safe and non-toxic art materials, tools, and equipment (VA:Cr2.2.Ka) and engage in exploration and imaginative play with materials (VA:Cr1.1.Ka). Students will also engage collaboratively and/or individually in creative art making in response to an artistic problem (VA:Cr1.2.Ka). Lastly, students will be able to explain the process of making art while creating (VA: Cr3.1.Ka). Encourage families to:

*Engage with their child in the art process at home.
*Ask probing questions (“What would happen if you use this brush instead? What does that feel like?”).
*Consider the use of household materials to engage in the art process (e.g. recyclable materials, kitchen utensils, shaving cream, etc.).

Educators can:

*Provide adaptations or larger handles for art tools (e.g. paint brushes, etc.).
*Provide opportunities and materials that are accessible to all children (e.g. ensuring the art materials are accessible to children with varying mobility).
*For exceptional learners and DLL, ensure communication devices and visual supports include words related to the art process.

Powerful Practices
Across all developmental stages, educators can:

*Plan for and focus on the creative art process rather than an expected product.
*Provide a wide variety of open-ended art materials that are appropriate for the age of the child (e.g. blank pieces of paper that are different colors, sizes and of varying weight, toilet paper rolls, etc.).
*Provide consistent opportunities for open-ended child-directed art experiences throughout the day.
*Provide creative materials throughout all centers to support creative expression (e.g. providing materials for children to create or design in the block area).
*Provide indoor and outdoor materials for children to engage in the art process (e.g. weaving in a fence with fabric pieces, colored bubbles on butcher paper, putting an easel or chalkboard outside).
*Provide opportunities to produce temporary art (e.g. using a stick to draw in the mud or sand, painting with water on playground surfaces, etc.).
*Expose children to various types of materials (e.g. fabrics, papers, etc.) from a variety of cultures.
*Model the use of art related vocabulary (lines, shapes, colors, textures, etc.).
*Consider providing opportunities to engage families in the art process (e.g. setting out materials in a common area for families to create with their children).


Provide opportunities for infant to use their whole body to explore simple and safe art and sensory materials (e.g. using non-toxic paint and butcher paper on the floor or outside)

Create environments that support exploration and curiosity (i.e. limit the use of “baby containers” or equipment that restricts an infant’s movement such as bouncy seats, swings, etc.)

Younger Toddler
Provide a variety of simple and safe art and sensory materials (e.g. non-toxic clay or play dough)

Older Toddler
Provide safe art and sensory materials (e.g. variety of materials including large craft sticks and non-toxic glue sticks)
Younger Preschool
Provide safe art and sensory materials (e.g. materials including water color paint, paint mixed with sand, fabric, yarn, collage materials, etc.)

Older Preschool
Provide safe art and sensory materials (e.g. materials including water color paint, paint mixed with sand, fabric, yarn, collage materials, etc.)

Consider field trips to local museums, visiting sculptures and ask questions about process, materials and techniques used