English Language Arts Foundation: 3 - Early Writing

Topic: ELA3.1 - Demonstrate mechanics of writing

Writing requires us to engage physically, cognitively and emotionally to convey our thought process on paper. The beginning stages of emergent writing are the experiences that children have with many art materials. Children learn that the random marks on paper have meaning, and then they learn how to control and create symbols that have meaning. Children gain knowledge of and interest in writing as they are continually exposed to print and writing in their environment.

Looking Ahead to Kindergarten Family Engagement Special Populations
In kindergarten, students will be able to write most uppercase and lowercase letters (K.W.2.1) and write by moving from left to right and top to bottom (K.W.2.2). Students will also use words and pictures to narrate a single event or simple story in order (K.W.3.3). Lastly, with support, students will apply the writing process to revise writing by adding simple details and review writing (K.W.4). Encourage families to:

*Provide opportunities for their child to work with playdough, scribble, draw and create.
*Provide various writing materials in the home (e.g. markers, pencils, crayons, or chalk).
*Take time to write a letter to someone or model journaling alongside their child using a variety of mediums.
*Work with their child to create books using stapled sheets of paper.
*Engage their child in making lists of tasks or items needed from the store.
*Incorporate writing in pretend play (e.g. write out food order when playing restaurant or make a grocery list when playing grocery store).

Educators can:

*Provide materials to meet their individual needs including larger or smaller crayons, pencils, or stamps (e.g. offering a variety of pencil grips is an additional support to meet individual needs)

Powerful Practices
Across all developmental stages, educators can:

*Create environments that foster a child’s independent ability to explore and write freely.
*Provide a variety of materials for children to hold, grasp, pinch and manipulate in order to develop fine motor skills.
*Model writing and talk with children about the meaning of their writing.
*Provide children with many opportunities to see their name in print.
*Create daily individual and group opportunities for children to participate in a variety of writing activities.
*Label and model writing.
*Label and write for children and dictate their work as children recite it.
*Encourage children to write as part of play experiences with writing tools available for children to explore in all areas of the environment.
*Ensure that children’s writing is valued and respected by adults.

Infant

Expose and offer opportunities for infant to explore a variety of writing materials (e.g. thick crayons and paint)

Give infant the opportunity to grasp and manipulate objects

Younger Toddler
Expose and offer opportunities for child to explore a variety of writing materials (e.g. thick crayons and paint)

Demonstrate drawing and writing as a way to communicate (e.g. simple labels of child’s work as dictated by the child)

Provide many activities that foster fine motor skills (e.g. fingerplays, use of tools, and playdough)

Older Toddler
Expose and offer opportunities for child to explore a variety of writing materials

Demonstrate writing as a way to communicate (e.g. write down what child says about their work)

Provide daily play opportunities for child to write at their developmental level (e.g. have writing materials connected to learning experiences throughout the environment)

Provide many activities that foster fine motor skills (e.g. fingerplays, use of tools, and playdough)

Younger Preschool
Encourage child to use a variety of traditional and non-traditional writing materials

Demonstrate writing as a way to communicate (e.g. write daily schedule during class meeting)

Provide daily play opportunities for child to write at their developmental level (e.g. have writing materials connected to learning experiences throughout the environment)

Provide many activities that foster fine motor skills (e.g. lacing beads, proper pencil grip)

Older Preschool
Encourage child to use a variety of traditional and non-traditional writing materials

Demonstrate writing as a way to communicate (e.g. educator writes story as children tell it)

Provide daily play opportunities for child to write at their developmental level (e.g. have writing materials connected to learning experiences throughout the environment)

Provide many activities that foster fine motor skills (e.g. lacing beads, proper pencil grip)