# Mathematics Foundation: 1 - Numeracy

#### Topic: M1.2 - Demonstrate understanding of written numerals

Basic math and number concepts are the foundation for learning more advanced math skills.

Understanding written numerals leads to the ability to:
*Identify numerals as different from letters or other symbols
*Begin to recognize that numerals indicate quantity
*Begin to recognize different numerals indicate different quantities
*Match numerals with amounts
*Name and write numerals

Looking Ahead to Kindergarten Family Engagement Special Populations
In kindergarten, students will be able to find the number that is one more than or less than any whole number up to 20 (K.NS.3). Lastly, they will be able to write whole numbers form 0 to 20 and recognize number words from 0 to 10 (K.NS.2). Encourage families to:

*Provide their child with many opportunities for counting objects at home (e.g. bottle caps or buttons) then have their child match the objects to a written number.
*Provide opportunities for their child to explore writing numerals by tracing, painting, or creating numerals.

Educators can:

*Provide children with a variety of textured or tactile numbers to feel and use.
*Use children’s interests to discuss numbers (e.g. counting dinosaurs and making groups to have conversations about the amount.)
*For DLL, provide numbers in native language to support learning of the concept in both the native language and English.

Powerful Practices
Across all developmental stages, educators can:

*Provide access to a variety of types of writing materials throughout the environment.
*Point out numerals in the environment (e.g. when reading a book, going for a field trip or walk, or when children create something that looks like a numeral, etc).
*Have numeral books freely available for children.
*Provide opportunities where children can form numeral shapes out of pasta, rice, paint, other sensory materials, or “loose parts”.
*Incorporate different ways for children to practice writing numerals (e.g. writing numerals in shaving cream, sand, or other sensory materials).
*Model the practical use of written numerals (e.g. calendars, weather temperature, etc).
*Share with families the importance of effort (e.g attempting to write numerals and simply holding writing utensils).

Infant
Younger Toddler
Draw child’s attention to numbers naturally occurring in the environment

Offer play materials that provide exposure to written numerals (e.g. old cell phones, number stickers, keyboards, etc.) and discuss how letters and numbers have different meanings

While reading, point out pictures of numbers (1-5) and connect the numeral to the actual item (e.g. “There are two dogs. See the two. Let's count the dogs. One, two.”)

Older Toddler
Provide opportunities for children to participate in creating number signs and labels for the environment (e.g. labeling tables or chairs or indicating number of children who are present)

Play games where children identify a numeral and make or move the quantity (e.g. Chutes and Ladders)

Read books that incorporate numerals and encourage children to help name the numerals and count quantities

Younger Preschool
Offer a variety of materials and opportunities to practice writing numerals (e.g. white boards, easels and paper, etc.)

Provide opportunities where children can create number books for 1-3 (i.e. children freely illustrate their own number books)

Read books that incorporate numerals and encourage children to independently name the numerals and count quantities

Older Preschool
Offer a variety of materials and opportunities to practice writing numerals (e.g. white boards, easels and paper, etc.)

Provide opportunities where children can create number books for 1-10 (i.e. children freely illustrate their own number books)

Read books that incorporate numerals and encourage children to independently name the numerals and count quantities

Encourage children to identify what comes next in a counting series