Analyze the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in works of literature, including figurative, connotative and denotative meanings; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices(e.g.,imagery, allegory, and symbolism) on meaning and tone(e.g.,how the language evokes a sense of time and place; how it sets a formal or informal tone).

Learning Outcome:

Acquire and use accurately general academic and content-specific words and phrases at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.

I Can Statements Question Stems
-I can analyze the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a work of literature, including figurative, denotative and connotative meanings.
-I can analyze how specific word choices work together to create an overall effect in a text.

-Which words reveal the author's attitude toward the subject?
-What is the tone of the story? What words or phrases are used to create the tone?
-How does ______ act as a symbol of ______?
-What is the connotation of _______? How does it compare to the word's denotation?
-How do know the word's connotation? What's its origin?
-How does the imagery used in the piece impact its meaning?
-Would you describe the tone as formal or informal? What words contribute to the development of the tone?
-Is the author's use of imagery effective? Why?

Academic Vocabulary

figurative language

Looking Back Looking Ahead

Practical Examples, Standards, and Digital Resources

Reading Examples Writing Examples Speaking and Listening Examples
-Close reading and highlighting of various examples of figurative language and literary devices.

-Determine the impact of specific words on the meaning of the text.

-Rewrite a portion of a text using different figurative language/literary devices to achieve a different effect.

-Write critical reading journals analyzing the effect of specific word choices

Reading Standards Writing Standards Speaking and Listening Standards
11-12.RL.2.3 11-12.W.1
Digital Resources

-Virtual Salt Glossary of Rhetorical Devices:

English Learner Considerations

The English Learner considerations, which were written by Indiana EL teachers, are meant to increase engagement and support growth for ELs.They are designed to support the standards and curriculum you are currently using. The following are recommendations of best practices to assist educators in making language more accessible for English Learners. Educators should adapt strategies based upon a student’s proficiency level and ensure that content is age-appropriate.

Additional strategies and the guiding principles regarding literacy instruction for English Learners.

Beginning Intermediate Advanced

-reduce vocabulary list
-allow bilingual aids
-provide simplified/ comprehensible definitions
-allow visual representations of words (drawings, illustrations, clip art, realia, Google image search)

-create appropriate length word list
provide simplified/comprehensible definition

-offer multiple exposures to words
recycle words

Special Education Considerations

The special education considerations, which were written by Indiana special education teachers, are meant to increase engagement and support growth for students in special education. This is not an exhaustive list of strategies, but these supports will help you make literacy instruction more accessible for students. Remember to adapt these to the needs of your students and ensure that you are creating opportunities for all students to engage with rigorous content.

Guiding principles regarding literacy instruction for students in special education.

Strategy Examples

Teach content vocabulary

Provide simple definitions

Provide visual definitions

Teach critical vocabulary 

Pre teach vocabulary before reading

Review vocabulary during and after reading

Create a story-specific vocabulary dictionary

Encourage vocabulary use in writing (journals, blogs, short stories)

Create a checklist with required vocabulary

Provide example sentences using required text