11-12.RV.3.2

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a nonfiction text, including figurative, connotative, denotative, and technical meanings; evaluate the cumulative impact of how an author uses and refines the meaning of a key term or terms over the course of a text.

Learning Outcome:

Acquire and use accurately general academic and content-specific words and phrases at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.

I Can Statements Question Stems
-I can analyze the meaning of words and phrases in nonfiction texts, including figurative, connotative, denotative, and technical meanings.
-I can evaluate the cumulative impact of how an author uses and refines the meaning of key terms over the course of a text.

-If you wrote this piece of nonfiction from a different point of view, what changes in language would you make?
-What is the tone of the text? What words or phrases does the author use to establish the tone?
-Which words reveal the author's attitude toward the subject?
-How does ______ act as a symbol of ______?
-How does the author's word choice impact the tone?
-Would you describe the tone as formal or informal? What words contribute to the development of the tone?
-How does the way the author uses _______ change over the course of the text? How does the meaning become more refined?

Academic Vocabulary

connotation
denotation
diction
figurative language
tone

Looking Back Looking Ahead

Practical Examples, Standards, and Digital Resources

Reading Examples Writing Examples Speaking and Listening Examples
-Perform a close reading and highlighting of various rhetorical devices and strategies. -Write critical reading journals analyzing the effect of specific word choices.

-Rewrite a portion of a text using different figurative language/literary devices to achieve a different effect.

Reading Standards Writing Standards Speaking and Listening Standards
11-12.RN.1
11-12.RN.3.3
11-12.W.1
11-12.W.3.2
11-12.W.6.1
11-12.W.6.2 
Digital Resources

-Virtual Salt Glossary of Rhetorical Devices:

-A List of Rhetorical Devices:

-Literary and Rhetorical Elements: 

English Learner Considerations

The English Learner considerations, which were written by Indiana EL teachers, are meant to increase engagement and support growth for ELs.They are designed to support the standards and curriculum you are currently using. The following are recommendations of best practices to assist educators in making language more accessible for English Learners. Educators should adapt strategies based upon a student’s proficiency level and ensure that content is age-appropriate.

Additional strategies and the guiding principles regarding literacy instruction for English Learners.

Beginning Intermediate Advanced

-reduce vocabulary list
-allow bilingual aids
-provide simplified/ comprehensible definitions
-allow visual representations of words (drawings, illustrations, clip art, realia, Google image search)

-create appropriate length word list
provide simplified/comprehensible definition

-offer multiple exposures to words
recycle words

Special Education Considerations

The special education considerations, which were written by Indiana special education teachers, are meant to increase engagement and support growth for students in special education. This is not an exhaustive list of strategies, but these supports will help you make literacy instruction more accessible for students. Remember to adapt these to the needs of your students and ensure that you are creating opportunities for all students to engage with rigorous content.

Guiding principles regarding literacy instruction for students in special education.

Strategy Examples

Teach content vocabulary

Provide simple definitions

Provide visual definitions

Teach critical vocabulary 

Pre teach vocabulary before reading

Review vocabulary during and after reading

Create a story-specific vocabulary dictionary

Encourage vocabulary use in writing (journals, blogs, short stories)

Create a checklist with required vocabulary

Provide example sentences using required text