Interpret figures of speech in context and analyze their role in the text.

Learning Outcome:

Acquire and use accurately general academic and content-specific words and phrases at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.

I Can Statements Question Stems
-I can interpret figures of speech and analyze their role in a text.

-What figures of speech are used in a text?
-Is the author's use of figures of speech effective?
-What purpose do the figures of speech accomplish in this text?
-What do the figures of speech used in the text reveal about the author's attitude?

Academic Vocabulary

figure of speech

Looking Back Looking Ahead

Practical Examples, Standards, and Digital Resources

Reading Examples Writing Examples Speaking and Listening Examples
-Perform a close reading of a speech and annotate various rhetorical strategies that the speaker uses throughout. -Rewrite a portion of a text from a different point of view or change the technical language to another field.

-Write critical reading journals analyzing the effect of specific word choices.

Reading Standards Writing Standards Speaking and Listening Standards
Digital Resources

-Virtual Salt Glossary of Rhetorical Devices:

English Learner Considerations

The English Learner considerations, which were written by Indiana EL teachers, are meant to increase engagement and support growth for ELs.They are designed to support the standards and curriculum you are currently using. The following are recommendations of best practices to assist educators in making language more accessible for English Learners. Educators should adapt strategies based upon a student’s proficiency level and ensure that content is age-appropriate.

Additional strategies and the guiding principles regarding literacy instruction for English Learners.

Beginning Intermediate Advanced

-reduce vocabulary list
-allow bilingual aids
-provide simplified/ comprehensible definitions
-allow visual representations of words (drawings, illustrations, clip art, realia, Google image search)

-create appropriate length word list
provide simplified/comprehensible definition

-offer multiple exposures to words
recycle words

Special Education Considerations

The special education considerations, which were written by Indiana special education teachers, are meant to increase engagement and support growth for students in special education. This is not an exhaustive list of strategies, but these supports will help you make literacy instruction more accessible for students. Remember to adapt these to the needs of your students and ensure that you are creating opportunities for all students to engage with rigorous content.

Guiding principles regarding literacy instruction for students in special education.

Strategy Examples

Teach content vocabulary

Provide simple definitions

Provide visual definitions

Teach critical vocabulary 

Pre teach vocabulary before reading

Review vocabulary during and after reading

Create a story-specific vocabulary dictionary

Encourage vocabulary use in writing (journals, blogs, short stories)

Create a checklist with required vocabulary

Provide example sentences using required text