1.RF.3.4

Distinguish beginning, middle (medial), and final sounds in single-syllable words.

Learning Outcome:

Develop an understanding of the five components of reading (print concepts, phonemic awareness, phonics, vocabulary, and fluency and comprehension) to build foundational reading skills.

I Can Statements Question Stems
-I can tell the beginning sound of single-syllable words.
-I can tell the middle sound of single-syllable words.
-I can tell the ending sound of single-syllable words.

-What sound do you hear at the beginning of the word?
-What sound do you hear in the middle of the word?
-What sound do you hear at the end of the word?
-Can you say the sounds in the word _______?

Academic Vocabulary

beginning distinguish
final
middle (medial)
syllable

Practical Examples, Standards, and Digital Resources

Reading Examples Writing Examples Speaking and Listening Examples
-During a read aloud of alliterative books, ask students to listen for words with the same beginning sound. Assign a motion for students to show you they hear the same sound in words like two thumbs up. Have students share their words.

-Students sort picture cards into words that have the same beginning, middle, or ending sound.

-During a read aloud of alliterative books, ask students to listen for words with the same beginning sound. Have students write these words on a whiteboard. Have students share their words with a partner. -Teacher says two words and students indicate with thumbs up or down if they begin the same. Follow this procedure with the same middle sounds, and then with ending sounds.

-Teacher says two words and students touch their head for same beginning sounds, belly for same middle sounds, or knees for same ending sounds.

-Using a set of picture cards, students work with a partner to tell the beginning, middle, or ending sounds.

Reading Standards Writing Standards Speaking and Listening Standards
1.W.4
1.W.6.2c 
1.SL.2.3
1.SL.4.1
1.SL.4.3
Digital Resources
Good Reads Alliteration Book List https://www.goodreads.com/shelf/show/alliteration

English Learner Considerations

The English Learner considerations, which were written by Indiana EL teachers, are meant to increase engagement and support growth for ELs.They are designed to support the standards and curriculum you are currently using. The following are recommendations of best practices to assist educators in making language more accessible for English Learners. Educators should adapt strategies based upon a student’s proficiency level and ensure that content is age-appropriate.

Additional strategies and the guiding principles regarding literacy instruction for English Learners.

Beginning Intermediate Advanced

Special Education Considerations

The special education considerations, which were written by Indiana special education teachers, are meant to increase engagement and support growth for students in special education. This is not an exhaustive list of strategies, but these supports will help you make literacy instruction more accessible for students. Remember to adapt these to the needs of your students and ensure that you are creating opportunities for all students to engage with rigorous content.

Guiding principles regarding literacy instruction for students in special education.

Strategy  Examples
In development In development