Know and use various text features (e.g., table of contents, glossary, illustrations) to locate and describe key facts or information in a text.

Learning Outcome:

With support, read and comprehend nonfiction that is grade-level appropriate.

I Can Statements Question Stems
-I can identify and use text features in a nonfiction text.
-I can locate and describe key facts in a nonfiction text.

-What is the title of the text?
-What is a table of contents?
-How does a table of contents help a reader?
-Where can you find the table of contents in the text?
-Can you use the table of contents to find ________?
-What is a glossary?
-How does a glossary help a reader?
-Where can you find the glossary in the text?
-Can you use the glossary to figure out the meaning of _______?
-How did the text features help you find key facts?

Academic Vocabulary

key fact
nonfiction text
table of contents
text feature

Practical Examples, Standards, and Digital Resources

Reading Examples Writing Examples Speaking and Listening Examples
-Complete a scavenger hunt, using post-it notes, through a nonfiction text to find various text features (captions, table of contents, glossary, titles, subtitles).

-Play a matching game where the student matches the text feature picture with the name.

-Looking at pictures of different text features, students correctly label them. -When given the name of a text feature, the student will locate and explain how that feature helps you as a reader.
Reading Standards Writing Standards Speaking and Listening Standards
Digital Resources

English Learner Considerations

The English Learner considerations, which were written by Indiana EL teachers, are meant to increase engagement and support growth for ELs.They are designed to support the standards and curriculum you are currently using. The following are recommendations of best practices to assist educators in making language more accessible for English Learners. Educators should adapt strategies based upon a student’s proficiency level and ensure that content is age-appropriate.

Additional strategies and the guiding principles regarding literacy instruction for English Learners.

Beginning Intermediate Advanced

-allow visuals in hand
-use video clips
-allow anchor chart of text features in hand
-use picture books
-encourage hands-on learning
-provide audiobooks
-provide modified texts

-post visuals for reference
-provide anchor charts of text features for reference
-pre teach text features
-provide audiobooks
-provide modified texts

-provide visuals if needed
-structure guided reading groups

Special Education Considerations

The special education considerations, which were written by Indiana special education teachers, are meant to increase engagement and support growth for students in special education. This is not an exhaustive list of strategies, but these supports will help you make literacy instruction more accessible for students. Remember to adapt these to the needs of your students and ensure that you are creating opportunities for all students to engage with rigorous content.

Guiding principles regarding literacy instruction for students in special education.

Strategy  Examples

Offer multiple ways to present text


Read alouds

Partner reading

Audio text

Video read aloud

Picture walk of story 


Model how illustrations can raise questions about the story

Prompt students to notice important parts of the illustrations that move the story forward

Highlight important vocabulary words in the text that are also used in the picture walk

Make text-to-text connections between two texts on similar topics

Have text strips from books for quick comparison

Use graphic organizer to compare how texts are similar and different.

Restate facts learned from a nonfiction text

Use prompts to help student restate facts correctly

Use fill in the blanks to convey information correctly

Turn and talk with a partner to share facts

Cite text evidence by pointing to the text 

Create a graphic organizer with main idea and supporting details

Provide a word bank with details

Provide pictures for graphic organizers

Provide partial answers and fill in blank answers

Use sticky notes to identify features of nonfiction 

Provide an example on the white board for the class to view, and model how to find examples 

Show appropriate examples and model application of the skill with text

Complete a guided version of the activity before students complete independently

Create list of features on a graphic organizer before putting information on the sticky notes