#### 1.M.1Use direct comparison or a nonstandard unit to compare and order objects according to length, area, capacity, weight, and temperature.

*I can compare and order objects by length.

*I can compare and order objects by area.

*I can compare and order objects by capacity.

*I can compare and order objects by weight.

*I can compare and order objects by temperature.

Length
Area
Capacity
Weight
Temperature
Compare

*Make direct comparison of the length, capacity, weight and temperature of objects. (MA.K.M.1)

*Describe the relationship among inch, foot, and yard. (MA.2.M.1)

*Estimate and measure the length of an object. (MA.2.M.2)

*Understand that the length of an object does not change regardless of the units used. (MA.2.M.3)

*Estimate and measure the volume using cups and pints. (MA.2.M.4)

Clarifying Examples and Digital Resources
Click here for clarifying examples and digital resources aligned to Indiana standards. These are intended to expand each standard to support instruction in the classroom as evidenced by the Eight Mathematics Teaching Practices put forth by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM).

## Universal Strategies for Struggling Mathematicians

The following recommendations are strategies designed to support the standards and curriculum you are currently using. These best practices will assist educators in adapting instruction to ensure that you are creating engaging and rigorous opportunities for all students.

K-2 Measurement Strategies and Examples

Use of manipulatives

• Cubes or other objects for nonstandard measurement
• Anything tangible which can be manipulated
• Real world examples of measuring tools and money

Digital resources

• Online ruler
• Coin sort

Ruler

• Clearly mark units of measure (0 in., 1 in., etc)

Clock

• Label classroom clock with time increments
• Visual aids
• Manipulative clock
• Handheld clock

## English Learner Considerations

The English Learner considerations, which were written by Indiana EL teachers, are meant to increase engagement and support growth for English Learners. They are designed to support the standards and curriculum you are currently using. The following are recommendations of best practices to assist educators in making language more accessible for English Learners. Educators should adapt strategies based upon a studentâ€™s proficiency level and ensure that content is age-appropriate.

Beginning
• Explicitly teach content vocabulary using visuals
• Allow use of a bilingual dictionary and native language to facilitate understanding
• Use and reference a Math Word Wall with visuals and symbols
• Use of manipulatives with visuals for instruction and procedures
• Use different grouping strategies to maximize learning, collaboration, and oral language practice
• Implement Modeling techniques such as: I do, We do, You do
• Provide sentence frames and a word bank
• Use gestures and signaling to make content comprehensible
• Simplify dense language
• Use of realia to enhance learning concepts
Intermediate
• Explicitly teach content vocabulary using visuals
• Allow use of a bilingual dictionary and native language to facilitate understanding
• Use and reference a Math Word Wall with visuals and symbols
• Use of manipulatives with visuals for instruction and procedures
• Use different grouping strategies to maximize learning, collaboration, and oral language practice
• Implement Modeling techniques such as: I do, We do, You do
• Provide sentence frames and a word bank
• Use gestures and signaling to make content comprehensible
• Use of realia to enhance learning concepts
• Use different grouping strategies to maximize learning, collaboration, and oral language practice
• Implement Modeling techniques such as: I do, We do, You do
• Explicitly teach content vocabulary using visuals

## Special Education Considerations

The Special Education considerations, which were written by Indiana special education teachers, are meant to increase engagement and support growth for students in special education. This is not an exhaustive list of strategies, but these supports will help you make math instruction more accessible for students. Educators should adapt strategies to the needs of your students and ensure that you are creating opportunities for all students to engage with rigorous content.

Universal Strategies for Struggling Learners

Use of manipulatives

• Cubes
• Anything tangible which can be manipulated
• Number cards
• Hundreds or 120 chart
• Building own book up through 1000 (may vary by grade)
• Straws-bundling

Model/Drawing a picture

• 1 to 1 correspondence of number to object (object representation)
• 10 frames
• Place value blocks
• Identify a set/groups
• Teacher modeling-think alouds-repeated

Flash cards

• Folding numbers known with unknown numbers

Visual cues

• Posters with vocabulary
• Picture dictionary

Engaging touch points

• TouchStrip
• TouchPoints

Daily reinforcement

• Calendar time
• Community circle

Scaffolded resources