Posted: Tue, 05/15/2018 - 1:25pm Updated: Thu, 09/05/2019 - 8:34am

This Teacher Resource Guide has been developed to provide supporting materials to help educators successfully implement the Indiana Academic Standards for Kindergarten. These resources are provided to help you in your work to ensure all students meet the rigorous learning expectations set by the Indiana Academic Standards. Use of these resources are optional; teachers should decide which resources will work best in their classroom for their students.

The resources on this webpage are for illustrative purposes only, to promote a base of clarity and common understanding. Each item illustrates a standard but please note that the resources are not intended to limit interpretation or classroom applications of the standards.

The links compiled and posted on this webpage have been provided by classroom teachers, the Department of Education, and other sources. The IDOE has not attempted to evaluate any posted materials. They are offered as samples for your reference only and are not intended to represent the best or only approach to any particular issue. The IDOE does not control or guarantee the accuracy, relevance, timeliness, or completeness of information contained on a linked website; does not endorse the views expressed or services offered by the sponsor of a linked website; and cannot authorize the use of copyrighted materials contained in linked websites. Users must request such authorization from the sponsor of the linked website.


2014 Indiana Academic Standards

Activities, Examples, or Resources

K.NS.1: Count to at least 100 by ones and tens and count on by one from any number.

Kindergarten Number

Counting Circles

K.NS.2: Write whole numbers from 0 to 20 and recognize number words from 0 to 10. Represent a number of objects with a written numeral 0-20 (with 0 representing a count of no objects). 


K.NS.3: Find the number that is one more than or one less than any whole number up to 20.

One More Than/One Less Than Video

K.NS.4: Say the number names in standard order when counting objects, pairing each object with one and only one number name and each number name with one and only one object.  Understand that the last number name said describes the number of objects counted and that the number of objects is the same regardless of their arrangement or the order in which they were counted.


K.NS.5: Count up to 20 objects arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle.  Count up to 10 objects in a scattered configuration.  Count out the number of objects, given a number from 1 to 20.

Bags of Stuff

K.NS.6: Recognize sets of 1 to 10 objects in patterned arrangements and tell how many without counting.

Building Number Sense

K.NS.7: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group (e.g., by using matching and counting strategies).

Which number is greater? Which number is less? How do you know?

K.NS.8: Compare the values of two numbers from 1 to 20 presented as written numerals.


K.NS.9: Use correctly the words for comparison, including: one and many; none, some and all; more and less; most and least; and equal to, more than and less than.

Number Recognition

K.NS.10:Separate sets of ten or fewer objects into equal groups. 


K.NS.11: Develop initial understandings of place value and the base 10 number system by showing equivalent forms of whole numbers from 10 to 20 as groups of tens and ones using objects and drawings.




2014 Indiana Academic Standards

Activities, Examples, or Resources

K.CA.1: Use objects, drawings, mental images, sounds, etc., to represent addition and subtraction within 10.


K.CA.2: Solve real-world problems that involve addition and subtraction within 10 (e.g., by using objects or drawings to represent the problem).


K.CA.3: Use objects, drawings, etc., to decompose numbers less than or equal to 10 into pairs in more than one way, and record each decomposition with a drawing or an equation (e.g., 5 = 2 + 3 and 5 = 4 + 1). [In Kindergarten, students should see equations and be encouraged to trace them, however, writing equations is not required.]


K.CA.4: Find the number that makes 10 when added to the given number for any number from 1 to 9 (e.g., by using objects or drawings), and record the answer with a drawing or an equation. 


K.CA.5:Create, extend, and give an appropriate rule for simple repeating and growing patterns with numbers and shapes.




2014 Indiana Academic Standards

Activities, Examples, or Resources

K.G.1: Describe the positions of objects and geometric shapes in space using the terms inside, outside, between, above, below, near, far, under, over, up, down, behind, in front of, next to, to the left of and to the right of.


K.G.2: Compare two- and three-dimensional shapes in different sizes and orientations, using informal language to describe their similarities, differences, parts (e.g., number of sides and vertices/"corners") and other attributes (e.g., having sides of equal length).

Two-Dimensional and Three-Dimensional Shapes Module

Alike or Different Game

K.G.3: Model shapes in the world by composing shapes from objects (e.g., sticks and clay balls) and drawing shapes.

The Shapes of Things YouTube Story

K.G.4: Compose simple geometric shapes to form larger shapes (e.g., create a rectangle composed of two triangles).

Patch Tool

Polygon Playground

Shape Cutter



2014 Indiana Academic Standards

Activities, Examples, or Resources

K.M.1:Make direct comparisons of the length, capacity, weight, and temperature of objects, and recognize which object is shorter, longer, taller, lighter, heavier, warmer, cooler, or holds more.

Measuring and Comparing Length, Weight, and Capacity: Overview

K.M.2:Understand concepts of time, including: morning, afternoon, evening, today, yesterday, tomorrow, day, week, month, and year.  Understand that clocks and calendars are tools that measure time.




2014 Indiana Academic Standards

Activities, Examples, or Resources

K.DA.1:Identify, sort, and classify objects by size, number, and other attributes.  Identify objects that do not belong to a particular group and explain the reasoning used.

What Is It?